Numeracy Skill And The Communication, Comprehension, and Use Of Risk-Benefit Information – 2007 [US]
Low numeracy skills, an element of poor health literacy, is associated with the comprehension and use of important health information. In this paper, Peters et al (2007), review the literature on numeracy as a concept, examine why numeric skill is important to health care decisions, what the best practices are for the presentation of numeric health information this literature and what strategies can be used to help less numerate people act more effectively and take charge of their health.
Do rehabilitation professionals need to consider their clients’ health literary for effective practice? [Can]
Rehabilitation professionals are often uniformed about and neglect health literacy in their interventions. Levasseur and Carrier (2010) reviewed the scientific and grey literature on health, rehabilitation and health promotion with the objective of determining the importance of integrating health literacy into rehabilitation practice. The authors found that all papers addressing both health literacy and rehabilitation specifically mentioned that rehabilitation professionals need to consider their clients’ health literacy. The effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions and clients’ long-term health might depend on various factors, including health literacy. Levasseur and Carrier (2010) recommend that rehabilitation professionals be aware of the importance of health literacy and intervene to improve it. The challenge is now to better understand how health literacy influences the effectiveness of rehabilitation and health outcomes.
Integrating health literacy into occupational therapy: findings from a scoping review [Can]
This paper by, Levasseur and Carrier (2012), aimed to report ways of integrating health literacy into occupational therapy practice. A scoping study of the scientific and grey literature on health, occupational therapy and health promotion was done from 1980 to May 2010. Five databases were searched and data were extracted from 44 documents. The authors found that the literature on health literacy needs enhancing in both quantity and quality. Six ways of integrating health literacy into occupational therapy practice were identified. Occupational therapists should 1) be informed about and recognize health literacy, 2) standardize their practice, 3) make information accessible, 4) interact optimally with clients, 5) intervene, and 6) collaborate to increase health literacy. Since health literacy can directly impact intervention efficacy, Levasseur and Carrier (2012), recommend that further studies need to be done on how to integrate health literacy into occupational therapy practice.
A Systematic Review of Asthma and Health Literacy: A Cultural-Ethnic Perspective in Canada
In order to find links between asthma and health literacy in a cultural/ethnicity perspective, Poureslami et al (2007) performed a systematic review of all publications on the topic of asthma, health, and literacy among cultural groups from 1980 to 2006 using the Internet and journals. They conclude that there is an urgent need to better define the impact of cultural and ethnic issues in the management of asthma in Canada. Appropriately designed studies should better define the barriers in the optimal delivery of asthma care influenced by these parameters.
Health Literacy and ophthalmic patient education
In this article by Muir and Lee (2010), the authors review the readability of currently available ophthalmic educational materials, with particular attention to the health literacy status of the patient population for which the materials are intended.
Health in the ‘hidden population’ of people with low literacy. A systematic review of the literature
This article by Easton et al (2010) reviewed published research to investigate relationships between low functional or health literacy and health in working age adults who can converse in the dominant language but have difficulty with written language. They found that there is evidence in the literature that low functional or health literacy is associated with poor health in the 'hidden population' of adults whose literacy difficulties may not be evident to health care providers.
Understanding the Internal and External Validity of Health Literacy Interventions: A Systematic Literature Review Using the RE-AIM Framework
In this study by Allen et al (2011) the authors conducted a systematic literature review, using the RE-AIM framework, with the goal of determining what information is available to inform research to practice translation of health promotion interventions developed to address health literacy. They suggest that the current research on health promotion for participants with low health literacy provides insufficient information to conclude whether interventions for health literacy can attract the target population, achieve an effect that is sustainable, or be generalized outside of clinical settings.
Literacy and Health Outcomes: Summary
This article by Berkman et al (2004) is a systematic literature review investigations into the link between low literacy and health outcomes. Findings show that Low literacy is associated with several adverse health outcomes, including low health knowledge, increased incidence of chronic illness, poorer intermediate disease markers, and less than optimal use of preventive health services. Interventions to mitigate the effects of low literacy have been studied, and some have shown promise for improving patient health and receipt of health care services.
Health Literacy and Child Health Outcomes: A Systematic Review of the Literature
A systematic literature review by DeWalt et al (2004) which assesses the link between literacy levels and health outcomes. The authors reviewed 44 articles, finding that patients with low literacy were generally 1.5 to 3 times more likely to experience a poor outcome.
Health literacy – a heterogeneous phenomenon: a literature review
This article is a review of health literacy literature from 2000-2008 by Mårtensson and Hensing (2011). They review approximately 200 articles, concluding that there are two main approaches to health literacy: one which focuses on extremes of high and low health literacy; and a second which looks at health literacy as an individualised and complex process situated both temporally and within the social and cultural contexts of the individual.