Provider Perceptions of Parent Health Literacy and Effect on Asthma Treatment Recommendations and Instructions [US]
Asthma affects 9.6% of all children in the United States, with higher prevalence among poor (13.5%) and black (17.0%) children. Health literacy has been identified as a key factor affecting asthma management in children and adults. 281 parents of 6–12-year-old asthma patients attending a pediatric clinic visit were recruited to a cross-sectional study of health literacy and asthma outcomes. Harrington et al (2013) examined how provider perceptions of parental health literacy influenced pediatric asthma treatment recommendations and instructions, and perceptions of the parental ability to implement treatment plans. Harrington et al (2013) also examined provider ratings with parent demographics, racial concordance, 2 validated health literacy measures’ ratings, and a qualitative assessment of how pediatric providers assess the health literacy of their asthma patients' parents.
Exploring factors influencing asthma control and asthma-specific health-related quality of life among children [US]
Little is known about factors contributing to children’s asthma control status and health-related quality of life. This study, by Gandhi et al (2013), aimed to assess the relationship between asthma control and asthma-specific quality of life in asthmatic children, and to examine the extent to which parental health literacy, perceived self-efficacy with patient-physician interaction, and satisfaction with shared decision-making contribute to children’s asthma control and asthma-specific quality of life. Gandhi et al (2013) found that children’s asthma control status influenced their asthma-specific quality of life. However, several parental factors contributing to asthma control indirectly affected asthma-specific quality of life. Gandhi et al (2013) study found limited evidence about the relationship between health literacy and satisfaction with shared decision-making.
Parent Opinions About Use of Text Messaging for Immunization Reminders [US]
Adherence to childhood immunization schedules is a function of various factors. Given the increased use of technology as a strategy to increase immunization coverage, it is important to investigate how parents perceive different forms of communication, including traditional means and text-message reminders. Ahlers-Schmidt et al (2012) sought to examine current forms of communication about immunization information, parents’ satisfaction levels with these communication modes, perceived barriers and benefits to using text messaging, and the ideal content of text messages for immunization reminders. Ahlers-Schmidt et al (2012) found that most parents were satisfied with traditional communication and that the benefits of receiving text messages for immunization reminders far outweighed the barriers identified by parents. Few barriers identified were text specific. Those that were, centered on cost if parents did not have unlimited texting plans.
Health literacy, health empowerment and health information search in the field of MMR vaccination: a cross-sectional study protocol [Eu]
Although public health offices have a detailed record of the vaccination coverage among adolescents in Switzerland, little is known about the factors that determine the decisions of parents to get their children vaccinated. This study (Diviani et al 2012) aims to survey parents of adolescents in Ticino (Switzerland) to get insights into the role of health literacy, health empowerment, information search behaviour and potential confounding variables that influence whether adolescents are not at all vaccinated, undervaccinated or fully covered against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR).
Health Literacy and Depression in the Context of Home Visitation [US]
Health literacy develops through social interaction and reflection and involves an array of skills that enable parents to manage personal and child health and healthcare. Smith and Moore (2011) looked at the impact of depression on parental health literacy and the effect of home visitations on the development of health literacy skills. The authors found that depression is linked with lower parental health literacy, after 1 year of enhanced home visitations, vulnerable parents were better able to manage personal and family health and healthcare, especially if depressed. Enhanced home visitations were found to be an effective intervention that could be used to develop health literacy as a life skill and to improve depression.
Using the teach-back and Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory to increase childhood immunization communication among low-income mothers
The purpose of this study by Wilson et al (2008) was to assess the relationship between maternal health literacy and the mother's ability to comprehend and communicate information about childhood immunizations. Communication is the key to positive health results, particularly for patients with low literacy skills, yet few studies have examined patients' ability to converse about health information taught to them by providers. The found that the inconsistency of the mothers' responses to communicate critical immunization information about vaccines indicates the need to further assess how best to increase parents' vaccine knowledge and communication skills.
Health Literacy among Parents of Pediatric Patients
The objective of this study by Tran et al (2008) was to measure the prevalence of health literacy in parents or guardians of pediatric patients seen in the emergency department (ED). They conclude that a large majority (89.5%) of English-speaking parents or guardians of pediatric patients evaluated in the ED have adequate health literacy. This data may prompt ED professionals to adjust their communication styles in the evaluation of children.
Health Literacy and Task Environment Influence Parents’ Burden for Data Entry on Child-Specific Health Information: Randomized Controlled Trial
This paper by Porter et al (2011) sought to determine (1) the variation in burden imposed on parents by data entry efforts across paper-based and computer-based environments, and (2) the impact, if any, of parents’ health literacy on the task burden. The authors found that a tailored computer-based environment provided an improved task experience for data entry compared to the same tasks completed on paper.
Parental Understanding of Infant Health Information: Health Literacy, Numeracy and the Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT)
The objective of this study by Kumar et al (2010) was to assess parental health literacy and numeracy skills in understanding instructions for caring for young children, and to develop and validate a new parental health literacy scale, the Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT). While the test is not relevent in the New Zealand context the researchers conclude that many parents do not understand common health information required to care for their infants.
Brief Report: Parent’s Health Literacy among High-Risk Adolescents with Insulin Dependent Diabetes
The objective of this study by Janisse et al (2010) was to describe the health literacy of parents of high-risk adolescents with insulin dependent diabetes and to examine the relation of parent's health literacy with treatment adherence. The authors found that parents with low health literacy may struggle to help their children adhere to the increasingly complex diabetes regimens being used at present.