Prescription painkillers and controlled substances: an appraisal of drug information provided by six US pharmacies [US]
Health literacy impacts health outcomes. Health literacy can be enhanced by improving the readability of health literature. Misuse and abuse of prescription medicines and controlled substances is rising. In this paper, Gill (2013), argues that improving the readability of the drug-information documents associated with these medicines could serve to alleviate this situation. Gill (2013) assess the 71 drug information documents from six US pharmacies and recommendations were made for improving readability. Gill (2013) concluded that good drug-information documents should have: (1) clear purpose, (2) limited scope, (3) summary/brief review, (4) well-placed graphics, (5) informative illustrations, (6) clean layout and lucid formatting relevant to the media, and (7) focus on the intended users.
How To Create a Pill Card
Use this guide from the AHRQ to find out how you can create an easy-to-use "pill card" for your patients, parents, or anyone you know who has a hard time keeping track of their medicines.
The Role of Health Literacy in Patient Safety
This article by Wolf and Bailey (2009) summarises ways in which patients can be help in understanding and acting upon their health issues. It includes information on improving patient-provider communication, enhancing health materials, and, building a safe, patient-centered health practice.
Factors Affecting Level of Compliance in Chronic Patients
This article by Theofilou (2011) addresses the factors pertaining to medication compliance in people with long-term conditions and chronic diseases. "Compliance" is not a common term in New Zealand when it comes to talking about medication, how ever the term is the same as what is locally known as "adherence".
Communicating Risks and Benefits: An evidence-Based User’s Guide
Risk communication is the term used for situations when people need good information to make sound choices. This could involve recalls, confusing medication instructions, and in the worst case scenario, information in a disaster situation such as the Canterbury earthquake. Risk is a critical aspect of health literacy. This comprehensive report from the US FDA covers not only health literacy but also quantitative and qualitative information and how health professionals communicate risk benefit information. 235 pages.
Medicines in My Home
Medicines in My Home is a multimedia educational program to teach consumers from adolescence through adulthood how to choose over-the-counter medicines and use them safely. The program is provided by the United States FDA.
Be More Involved in Your Healthcare: Tips for Patients
A brochure from the US Agency for Health Research and Quality which gives tips to use before, during, and after a medical appointment to make sure you get the best possible care. Also see: AHRQ Patient Question Sheet and AHRQ Question Builder – resource for patients
AHRQ Question Builder – resource for patients
Be prepared for your next medical appointment. Create a list of questions that you can take with you whether you are getting a checkup, talking about a problem or health condition, getting a prescription, or discussing a medical test or surgery. Whatever the reason for your visit, it is important to be prepared. With the Question Builder, it is easy. Also see: Be More Involved in Your Healthcare: Tips for Patients and AHRQ Patient Question Sheet
The ABC’s & 123′s of Diabetes Care
This toolkit, developed by the Vanderbilt University’s Diabetes Center in the United States, includes over 24 chapters that can used in educating patients with diabetes (with a focus on the literacy and numeracy demands of managing diabetes). The toolkit has been designed to improve educational interactions between diabetes providers and their patients. Diabetes educators could work through parts of the toolkit with their patients. The toolkit helps unpick the literacy and numeracy demands of diabetes and will help educators identify where patients might be having problems.
Health literacy and medication safety – Environmental scan of tools, resources, systems, repositories, processes, and personnel
The New Zealand Guidelines Group has developed this report to the Health Quality and Safety Commission to provide examples of important health literacy processes and initiatives underway in New Zealand which are associated with medication safety.