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Keyword: public health

Low health literacy and evaluation of online health information. A systematic review of the literature – 2015 [Net]

This study aimed to review the existing evidence on the association between low health literacy and (1) people's ability to evaluate online health information, (2) perceived quality of online health information, (3) trust in online health information, and (4) use of evaluation criteria for online health information. 38 studies were reviewed. These indicated that low health literacy (and related skills) are negatively related to the ability to evaluate online health information and trust in online health information. Individuals with limited health literacy use evaluation criteria that do not correspond to the well-established quality criteria. The researchers concluded that public health officials and health care providers should pay attention to developing the information seeking and evaluation behavior of patients with low health literacy and educate the on best practices when seeking and evaluating online health information.

http://www.jmir.org/2015/5/e112/

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HackHealth. You only live once [US]

HackHealth is a 12-weeks after-school program. This project investigated ways to increase tweens’ interest in the health sciences and develop their health literacy skills with the goal of improving their long term health outcomes. Researchers from the University of Maryland worked with school librarians in selected middle schools to lead after-school sessions that engaged disadvantaged youth in (a) conducting scientific inquiry into health maintenance and/or disease prevention and management; (b) acting as health information intermediaries; and (c) taking action based on what they learn. The HackHealth curriculum includes 8 modules designed to build youth health literacy and information management skills. The curriculum documents and resources can be downloaded.

http://hackhealth.umd.edu/

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Health Literacy Review: A Guide – 2015 [NZ]

This resource, by the Ministry of Health, is designed to help New Zealand health care providers build a system that supports the needs of all consumers. Workbase led the development and trial of the Guide with two DHBs and a PHO. The Guide is supported by a wealth of other information, videos and templates about how the different organisations went about the literacy reviews. The Ministry has also published a Health Literacy Framework for use alongside this the Guide. Topics: * An introduction to health literacy reviews * Health literacy review case studies * Preparing for a review * Carrying out the review * Developing an action plan * International evidence base * International experts

https://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/health-literacy/health-literacy-reviews

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Informed Consent and Health Literacy: Workshop Summary – 2015 [US]

This document (193 pages), from the Institute of Medicine, summarises the outcomes of a workshop on informed consent and health literacy. This workshop explored what actions can be taken to help close the gap between what is required in the informed consent process and communicating it in a health-literate and meaningful manner to individuals. Topics covered include: an overview of key issues in informed consent, research into informed consent, approaches to informed consent, best practices and new models of health literacy for informed consent.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/19019/informed-consent-and-health-literacy-workshop-summary

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Implications of Health Literacy for Public Health – Workshop Summary – 2014 [US]

This is the summary of the presentations from the 2013 Institute of Medicine's Implications of Health Literacy for Public Health workshop. The workshop was moderated by Roundtable Chair George Isham. Chapter 2 frames health literacy in the context of public health. Chapter 3 describes public health literacy efforts in three states. In Chapter 4, how health literacy facilitates public health activity is further explored. Chapter 5 covers public health literacy implementation and research. Chapter 6 follows with a general discussion of the day’s proceedings.

http://www.iom.edu/Reports/2014/Implications-of-Health-Literacy-for-Public-Health.aspx

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A Prescription Is Not Enough: Improving Public Health with Health Literacy (PDF of presentation). Andrew Pleasant – 2013 [US]

This is the presentation that accompanied the unveiling of Pleasant et al's paper "A Prescription Is Not Enough: Improving Public Health with Health Literacy". This paper was commissioned by the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Health Literacy for their workshop "Implications of Health Literacy for Public Health: A Workshop" (November 21, 2013 in Irvine, California).

http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Activity%20Files/PublicHealth/HealthLiteracy/2013-NOV-21/Pleasant.pdf

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A Prescription Is Not Enough: Improving Public Health with Health Literacy – 2013 [US]

This paper, by Pleasant et al (2013), was commissioned by the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Health Literacy for their workshop "Implications of Health Literacy for Public Health: A Workshop". Health literacy is always present, but too often neglected. This paper focuses on the use - and the lack of use - of health literacy within efforts to address public health in the United States. In particular, this article focuses on efforts within state, local, tribal, and territorial public health organisations. Overall, while a growing body of evidence strongly suggests that health literacy can be effective in public health when explicitly addressed, the concept and associated best practices of health literacy do not seem to be consistently or universally used within public health organisations. As a result, the effectiveness of state, local, tribal, and territorial public health efforts is reduced and public health suffers.

http://www.iom.edu/Activities/PublicHealth/~/media/Files/Activity%20Files/PublicHealth/HealthLiteracy/Commissioned-Papers/A-Prescription-Is-Not-Enough-Improving-Public-Health-with-Health-Literacy.pdf

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Institute of Medicine. Implications of Health Literacy for Public Health: A Workshop. Welcome and Introduction (video) – 2013 [US]

Roundtable Chair George Isham's welcome and introduction to the November 21, 2013 Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Health Literacy workshop Implications of Health Literacy for Public Health in Irvine, California.

http://www.iom.edu/Activities/PublicHealth/HealthLiteracy/2013-NOV-21/Videos/Panel1/Introduction.aspx

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A cross-sectional study of pandemic influenza health literacy and the effect of a public health campaign [Aus]

This study by Jhummon-Mahadnac et al (2012) sought to ascertain the understanding of 2009 pandemic (H1N1) influenza and relevant infection control measures in an emergency department population and to assess the effectiveness of education campaigns in informing the public about the pandemic. This is the first Australian study to correlate the general public’s knowledge of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza with a health department public health campaign. Jhummon-Mahadnac et al (2012) found the knowledge regarding pandemic influenza was high in this emergency department population and positively affected by official campaigns. The authors recommend that pandemic planning should address knowledge gaps and the impression that authorities had exaggerated the public-health threat.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3502135/

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Preparing for an Epidemic of Limited Health Literacy: Weathering the Perfect Storm

Parker et al (2008): Empirical data collected over the past two decades have demonstrated strong links between low literacy skills and poor health outcomes, including mortality. Recently, the Educational Testing Service released a relevant report predicting that our nation is at great risk as a result of declining adult literacy, shifting demographics, and a changing economy. It is essential to understand how these educational and socioeconomic changes will impact health care and prepare for a likely epidemic of limited health literacy. A formative public health response should include seeking out new strategies for health systems to advance our public’s health literacy, while working with the educational system to better equip younger generations with the knowledge and skills necessary to navigate health care.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2517979/?tool=pmcentrez

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