The Association among Literacy, Numeracy, HIV Knowledge and Health-Seeking Behavior: A Population-Based Survey of Women in Rural Mozambique [Moz]
Limited literacy skills are common in the United States and are related to lower HIV knowledge and worse health behaviours and outcomes. The extent of these associations is unknown in countries like Mozambique, where no rigorously validated literacy and numeracy measures exist. Ciampa et al (2012) adapted the Wide Range Achievement Test version 3 (WRAT – 3) to test the validity of the of each subscale in a non-Western context. Ciampa et al (2012) concluded that the literacy and numeracy subscales are valid for use with rural Mozambican women. Limited literacy and numeracy skills were common and associated with lower HIV knowledge. Further study is needed to determine the extent to which addressing literacy/numeracy will lead to improved health outcomes.
Development and Evaluation of a Hypertension Knowledge Test for Korean Hypertensive Patients
Patients’ knowledge concerning high blood pressure (HBP) is a useful outcome measure in high blood pressure education programs. However, valid and easy-to-use HBP knowledge assessment tools are scarce. The purpose of the study was to validate the HBP Knowledge Test (HKT) in two independent samples of Korean Americans with HBP. Han et al (2011) concluded that the reliability and validity of the HKT was supported in this sample and was also sensitive in detecting differences among persons with and without adequate HBP control.
The Process-Knowledge Model of Health Literacy: Evidence from a Componential Analysis of Two Commonly Used Measures
The authors (Chin et al, 2011) investigated the effects of domain-general processing capacity (fluid ability such as working memory), domain-general knowledge (crystallized ability such as vocabulary), and domain-specific health knowledge for two of the most commonly used measures of health literacy (S-TOFHLA and REALM). The results showed that older adults who had higher levels of processing capacity or knowledge (domain-general or health) performed better on both of the health literacy measures.